Gujarat outlines a region that posed as a dwelling for many Indus Valley civilization and Harappan sites. The history of Gujarat dates back to around 2000 years. From ancient history, many dynasties had ruled the land. The major dynasties that ruled the land were the Guptas, Maurayans, Chalukyas and Marathas. Gujarat obtains its name from the people called Gurjars who mounted up to eminence in the sixth century A.D. Gujarat being a coastal state has also been subjected to many overseas invasions. The British, Portuguese and the Persians all have ruled on this effervescent land of Gujarat. Preceding the Independence, Gujarat was a part of the Bombay Presidency. Finally in May1, 1960, the state of Gujarat was formed from the north and west portions of Bombay.