Rameswaram
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Overview

Rameswaram Travel Guide

As the day breaks, the aurora over the Agnitirtham, a stretch of the shallow sea that extends in front of the temple, lightens up the soul as it does the temple. A quaint, cloistered village by the sea Rameswaram’s is a sea-side village where the sea is gentle and calm as it would have been in the times of Rama. Marked by intricate carvings and the large ramparts, Rameshwaram Temple, the Jyotirlinga Temple, is as senescent as Ramayana. Rameshwar’s ethereal hallow seeps deep down the soul and the dusk evidences Lord Rama’s omniscience, not just at the ocean and temple surroundings, but even to the side where sunrises after dusk at Ramanathaswamy.

Rameswaram Location

This conch-shaped sacred island of Rameshwaram straggles out on 61.8 sq km of narrow sea in Tamil Nadu. Ramanatha Swamy Temple is located on Rameshwaram Island. The temple lays too close the confluence of Ratnakara (India Ocean) and Mahodadhi (Bay of Bengal), which also accredit the sacredness of Rameswaram and its name.

Rameswaram - Legend and Mythology

As the legend goes, the main Shiva-lingam inside the temple was hallowed by Rama on his return from Lanka after killing the demon Ravana. Rama asked his most dedicated devotee Hanuman to fetch him Shivalingam from Kailash, but as Hanuman couldn’t bring it on time, Sita, Rama’s consort, built a small lingam out of sand. However, on on Hanuman’s return with the actual Viswa Lingam from the mount of Kailash, Rama, to appease his disciple, said it would be worshipped first Sita’s Lingam to be placed on the altar.

Attractions

Rameshwaram Attractions & Tourist Places

Rameswaram Temple Timings: 4 am-1 pm, 3.30-9 pm

 It is said that the lingam in the Ramanathaswamy temple was consecrated by Goddess Sita and worshipped by Lord Rama, after vanquishing Raavana.  Their is also one more Linga brought by Lord Hanumana from Mount Kailash. Also known as Viswa Lingam, the  pilgrims have to first to do the Darshan of this Hanuman Lingam and after that they can offer prayers at the main  Shiva lingam.

Agniteertham at Rameswaram

It is said that Rama bathed here in the waters of Agniteertham. The stretch of clean, rippleless waters of shallow sea, the Agniteertham is located at 200m away from Ramanathaswamy temple. A ritualistic bathe in waters guarentees the devotees purgations of sin – Agnitirtham has a lot of import in Vedas and among devotees. 

Twenty Two Temple Teerthams at Rameswaram

Taking a dip in the 22 teerthams at Rameshwaram is an experience that can be cherished throughout life. Helpers at the tirth offer their bathing services at Rs 25 per head. As they bathe you with mugs and mugs of water, you will come to know all about the significance of the tirthams.

Note:
Only Hindus are allowed beyond the third parakram. Coloured lungis are not a part for dress code, but however, coloured trousers are allowed. Carry dry clothes along to chnage in the changing rooms. 

Other Popular Tourist Places in Rameshwaram

Besides, the holy tirthams, there are 31 another tirthams in front of the temple. Ideally, it is considered good to bathe in all 31 tirtham but now many of them have become inaccessible.

Gandamadana Parvatham at Rameswaram

Location: 2½ km northest of Ramanathaswamy Temple
Timings: 7am-1pm, 3-6 pm
There is a marble image of Rama`s footprints here. It is said that Hanuman made the first leap to Lanka from here. The view from the upper story is superb – windmills. Sandbanks, backwaters, coconut trees and the finite ocean.

Kothandaramaswamy Temple at Rameswaram

Location: 6km from South of Ramanathaswamy

Timings: 6am-1pm, 3-6 pm

En route to Dhanushkodi, this temple dedicated to Rama, Sita, Lakshmana and Hanuman was the only structure left standing in the area after the 1964 cyclone. Vibhishana is said to be have surrendred to the feet of Rama at the same place.

Dhanush Kari Temple in Rameshwaram

Dhanush Kodi is an important sanctum in the region. Legend has that on the request of Ravana’s real brother Vibheeshan, Lord Rama broke the Sethu(bridge)from the end of bow. Dhanush means the source from which arrow is released and Kodi means end of the arrow or bow. Today the remains of temples washed away in the cyclone of 1964 can still be traced at this place. The foot steps of Lord Rama enshrined on the rock can be seen at this sanctum.

Geographic location of Dhanushkodi

Dhanushkodi is located in the Ramanthapuram district, Tamil Nadu , South India. Talaimannar in Sri Lanka is just 29kms away from Dhanush kodi. Madurai airport is 163kms away from Dhanushkodi. The travelers have to first board train to Madurai and then they have to board taxi or bus to reach the Madurai airport. The Mandapam(18kms) and Madurai junction(151kms) are nearest railway station to Dhanushkodi.

Jada Theertham

The Jada Theertham is the abode of Lord Kapardishvara. Situated in Southern India, the Jada Theertham is a small temple perched in the trunk of a Peepal tree. According to the old mythological scriptures, the deities have supposed to have rested here during their exile. The temple is made in great arts men ship. It is to be noted that Jada Tirtham is the part of big temple named Kaveri.

Kothandaramaswamy Temple

The Kothandaraswamy is the testimony to the times when events from Ramayana comes alive in the form of paintings on the wall. The strong imprints of Lord Rama can be seen engraved at the temple. The Kothandaramaswamy Temple stood well in the critical situations and natural disasters. This sanctum is supposed to be the same place where the brother of demon Vibheeshana joined hands with Lord Rama. Nestled in the Southern tip of India, Kothandaramaswamy temple is situated near Bay of Bengal, Rameshwaram, Tamil Nadu, South India.

Lakshmana Theertham in Rameswaram

The Lakshmana Theertham has been constructed in the memory of Lord’s Rama brother Lakshmana. Carved out from the marble stone, the idol of Lord Lakshmana is a a tribute to the Lord’s Rama’s dynasty.

5 Headed Hanuman Temple

The 5 headed Hanuman temple has been the most renowned temple in the region. This was the place where Lord Hanuman revealed his 5 headed profiles. The temple has the statue of Lord Rama, Lord Lakshmana, goddess Sita and Lord Hanuman. It is believed that the idols in the temple posses the soul of gods. The temple also hosts of the floating stone which was used for making the Sethu.

Satchi Hanuman Temple

The Satchi Hanuman temple is the place where Lord Hanuman delivered the news of finding the Goddess Sita, including the jewel or Chudamani that became the soul evidence.

Annai Indira Gandhi Road Bridge

The Annai Indira Gandhi Road Bridge also known as the Pamban bridge connects very well to Rameshwaram. This bridge is the same place where goddess Sita doused her thirst. The bridge is located 7Kms from Rameshwaram. Built in the state of excellent engineering standards, the ships from under the bridge and vehicles from above can easily pass through the bridge.

Ervadi

About 24kms from Rameswaram is Ervadi. This place hosts the Tomb of the great Saint Ibrahim Sahid Aulia. Muslims from all over the country visit this shrine during the month of December.

Publicat Beach

The small island of Publicat comprises of beach and a small lagoon. Surrounded by blue sea from all the sides , the travelers can also go for boating. The Publicat lake bears the testimony of rich cultural heritage. The Danish fort and the lake dating back to the 17th century AD would take travelers to the times when Dutch settlements had a prominent presence in the region.

How to Reach

How to Reach Rameswaram

Located in Tamil Nadu, Rameswaram is the sacred pilgrimage of all Hindus and is thronged by tens and thousands of devotees round the year. A narrow sea separates Rameswaram – the conch shaped island - from mainland India over which looms two grand bridges for rail and road traffic respectively. Rameswaram provides access with all possible modes of transportation, namely air, rail and road.

The major distances from Rameswaram to other cities and town is as follows:

  • Rameswaram to Tiruchy: 237 KMs
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  • Rameswaram to Chennai: 566 KMs
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  • Rameswaram to Bangalore: 578 KMs
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  • Rameswaram to Vijayawada: 1099 KMs
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  • Rameswaram to Hyderabad: 1110 KMs
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  • Rameswaram to Ahemdabad: 2697 KMs
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  • Rameswaram to Chetinad: 156 KMs
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  • Rameswaram to Madurai: 170 KMs
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  • Rameswaram to Kamarajar: 240 KMs
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  • Rameswaram to Thanjavur:244 KMs

How to Reach Rameswaram by Airways

The nearest airport to Rameswaram is Madurai Airport which is located at a distance of 163 km away from the shrine. Madurai Airport is well linked with flight to and fro from cities like Coimbatore, Chennai and Bangalore. International travelers have to get connecting flights from Chennai International airport.

Flights to Madurai
Airline Flight No From Departure
Air India IC 909 Trivandrum 06:00 AM
Kingfisher Red IT (Red) 4465 Bangaluru 07:10 AM
Air India IC 936 Hyderabad 06:30 AM
Paramount 17 401 Chennai 06:55 AM

How to Reach Rameswaram by Railways

Rameswaram is well-connected by railways. Sethu Express and Rameswaram Express are convenient trains from Chennai. A number of buses, taxis and local transportation are available for further locomotion to Rameswaram.

Trains to Mandapan Railway Station
From Train/ Train No Departure Days
Chennai Rameshwaram Exp (6713) 05:00 PM All

How to Reach Rameswaram by Road

Rameswaram enjoys a good bus connection with near by cities and states of South India. Tamil Nadu Road Transport Corporation buses well-connect Rameshwaram with different cities in Tamil Nadu, including Kanyakumari, Madurai, Trichy and Thanajvur. There are overnight deluxe super fast buses which ply between Chennai and Bangalore with Rameshwarm, both cities being nearly 600 km away.

Kiomoi Must Do's

Kiomoi`s Must Do`s

The list of activities that must be undertaken by the people while on a visit to the Rameswaram are as follows:

*The Pilgrims must take bath in the 23 wells at the Rameswaram temple.

*Dhanushkodi, Agneetheertham, Ramanathaswamy temple, Erawadi, Hanuman temple, Jatayu  temple and Pamban bridge are the must see place.

*Do carry ‘Dhoti’  Indiian attire with you while  entering in the temple  premises.

*Make an advance booking of the hotels at Rameswaram.

*If you are visiting  Rameswaram in the month of December end , then do participate  in the  Yellamavasya festival.

*The travelers can visit to other getaway options which includes Tirupullani (64km), Uthirakosamangai (72 Km), Erwadi (80km), Kurusudai island (23 km),Kanchirankulam (105km),  and Valinokkam (90km)

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Rameswaram Jyotirlinga

Rameswaram Jyotirlinga

Arulmigu Ramanatha swami Thirukkovil has an ancient Shiva Linga made by the wife of Lord Rama, goddess Sita. As the timings of performing the religious ceremony were already planned, both Lord Rama and goddess Sita waited desperately for Lord Hanuman to return with Shiva Linga from Himalayas. But when Lord Hanuman didn’t return on time, goddess decided to make Shiva Linga by her own hands. When Lord Hanuman returned carrying the Shiva Linga from Himalayas most part of the prayers had already been performed. In anger when he tried to remove the Shiva Linga with his tail, he remained unsuccessful. On seeing this, Lord Rama blessed Hanuman that before offering prayers to the Shivalinga built by his wife--goddess Sita, people would have to first pay cognizance to the Shiva Linga brought by him. The prayers offered by Lord Rama were aimed to relinquish himself from the ‘Brahma Dosha’ of killing a Brahmin(Raavana). Millions of pilgrims visit this shrine every day. During the season of Maha Shivratri special arrangements are also made for the pilgrims.

The Viswa-Linga installed by the Lord Hanuman on the other side of Rameswaram temple is a must visit temple.

Other Mythological story

The another story that shares a significance with the destination is when Lord Rama was siphoning from Rameswaram, and he stopped on the way to drink a water. While he was drinking, the celestial announcement made the proclamation-”you are drinking water without worshipping me. Saying these words Lord Shiva appeared in front of him and blessed him to get victorious over the demon Raavana. Lord Shiva disappeared and manifested himself in the Shiva Linga.

Rameswaram Temple Timings

The temple remains open from 5:00 AM to 1:00 PM and 6:00 PM to 9:00 PM. The elaborate Pujas are offered 6 times a day. The temple timings are as follows:

 Pujas Timings

Palliyarai Deeparadhana05: 00 Am

Saptika Linga deeparadhana 05: 10 Am

Thiruvananthal Deeparadhana 7: 00 Am

Vila Puja  10:00 Am

Kaalasanthi Puja 12:00 Pm

Uchikala Puja  12:30 Pm

Saaya Raksha Puja 06:00 Pm

Ardhajaama Puja 08:00 Pm

Palliyarai Puja 08:45 Pm

Temple Tel: 04573-221223

 

In close proximity to the sea on the eastern side, Ramanathaswamy Temple gloriously exhibits its 17th century architecture. An architectural feast for the eyes, the temple of Ramanathaswamy is constructed with its 1200 granite columns which retain its shine and splendour till date. Keeping in line with the dimensions of this imposing temple, the Nandi statuette is approx 16 ft in height and 10 ft in width. The temple sanctum is decked up with intricately carved granite pillars and is chaperoned by dwarpalakas (temple guards). Inside, at the spot of the shrine, are the lingams made by Sita and Hanumana. The Lingam made by Sita is worshipped near the main altar. To the right is the Viswa-lingam brought by Hanuman, which is worshipped first every day. God Ramanathaswamy and his consort Goddess Parvatavardhini is the presiding deity of the Rameshwaram. Alongside one of the most significant and ancillary shrine of Lord Vishnu is called as Sethu Madhava. The idol of Nataraja is surrounded by many Sanniddhis and images of naga, decorated with intricate rudrakshas. This most sacred pilgrimage is considered complete if Ganga jal from Kashi is brought to Rameswaram for an abhishekam of the lingam. 

Note:Special darshan tickets can be obtained for Rs 50. The Sphatika Lingam Puja is held at 5 am, entry fee Rs 10. There are special pujas at 10.30 am, 12.30 pm, 6 pm, 8 pm and 8.30 pm. The Gangajal jal abhishekam fee is Rs 10 and Ganga jal is available for Rs 51 per litre for abhishekham. On every Fridays Goddess Parvata-vardhini is taken around on a short procession from the third corridor in a golden palanquin at 7-7.30 pm. The main events on the festival calendar are the Shivaratri celebrations in the Tamil month of Maasi (Feb-Mar) and the Thirukalyanam (enactment of the wedding ceremony) of Sri Ramanathaswamy and Parvatha-vardhini Ambal in the Tamil month of Adi (Jul-Aug). The temple remains open but the main sanctum is closed during Ravana Vadham Thiruvizha (celebration of Ravana’s end), when the utsavar deity is taken in a procession to the Kodhandaramar Temple, in May-June.

Rameswaram Accommodations

Rameshwaram Accommodation

There are wide range of hotels available in Rameshwaram which includes budget, mid segmented and luxurious accommodations. The travelers here won’t feel the dearth of stay options. The range of price tags for the rooms starts from Rs 500. The budget hotels in Rameshwaram are provided with excellent spate of facilities. The air conditioned and non air conditioned rooms are available at most of the accommodations. As it is the religious destination, all proper measures are taken by the staff to provide pure vegetarian food to the pilgrims as well as to the leisure travelers. Colored TV, conference rooms, dine halls and laundry facilities are also offered at the hotels in Rameswaram. There are both government as well as private accommodations available at Rameswaram.

The Royal Park Hotel, Venkatesh Hotel, Tamil Nadu Hotel, Sri Sarvana Hotel, Chendur Lodge, Blue Coral Cottage, Sunrise View Hotel and Chola Hotel are the best accommodations available in the list of accommodations offered by Kiomoi. There are many more Accommodation  in Rameshwaram which can also be availed by the travelers by scrolling through the list as well. The facilities that are offered at the hotels in Rameswaram includes air conditioned rooms, staff on call, multi cuisine restaurant, colored TV and balcony with a spectacular view of the hills. The interiors of budget accommodations are simple. The luxury hotels at the same time have swimming pool, sophisticated gym and yoga center. Although all the hotel don’t have swimming pool or health center but they have all those facilities and amenities which suits best for the luxury living.

October to March are the best months for visiting Rameswaram.

Eat and Dine

Rameswaram Eat and Dine

The eat and dine options at Rameswaram consists of various restaurants and food lounge where the the travelers can relish the best of the South Indian food. The Ram nivas restaurant also offers one of the finest dine options. Chinese, North Indian and South Indian food are also offered at this restaurant. 

Ashok Bhavan is another restaurant in the region where the visitors can get the South Indian Thali at Rs 35. Situated throw stones away from the Rameswaram Swamy temple, the travelers can relish the best flavors of South Indian food at this eatery in South India. 

Most of the cuisines in Rameswaram are prepared in the coconut oil. Dosai, Idli, Channa vada and the South Indian thaali are the most popular form of cuisines offered at food joints in Rameswaram. Hotel Aishwarya on the main Samadhi street offers Idli-Dosa-basics and Vadais tend to be cold. They have a well stocked freezer of readymade fruit juice and milkshake options. Hotel Abhirami, a couple of buildings away on the same road, serves unlimited basic meals for Rs 15 but is unhygenic and avoidable. Hotel Tamil Nadu has a la carte menu which the staple tiffin items are quiet good. 

There is a popular mess near Sringeri Mutt premises run by a Brahmin family affiliated to the institution--they take family orders for full meals and also offer hot piping tiffins on banana leaves. Gujarat bhavan is another place where the meals are offered between 2PM and 7-9pm.

Shopping

Rameswaram Shopping

Rameswaram is a coocnch shell shaped island in Tamil Nadu, Southern India. A narrow sea separates it from mainland India, over which loom two grand bridges, for rail and road traffic respectively. Said to be as old as Ramayana, this magnificient Jyotirlinga temple, not far away from the holy confluence of Ratnakara(the Indian Ocean) the Mahodadhi(the Bay of Bengal), gives Rameswaram its name and life.

The travelers here can go for handicrafts shopping. The shops near by the temple are provide one of the finest range of shopping products. The products made of conch and sea shells catches every one’s eye. There are many shops in the region which sells sea shells. Shoppers will find array of Shell based handicrafts on the many shops lining Sannadhi street--wall hangings, chandliers, jewellery and decorative mirrors.

Sannadhi Street: Shoppers will find an array of shell based handicrafts on the many shops lining Sannadhi street--Wall hangings,chandeliers, jewellery and decorative mirrors.The silk sarees of the region are quiet popular. The popular retail store named Nalli silks provides the best quality of Indian attire. The best deals are to be found in the first floor-showroom of the Kalam Sea Shell Mart whole sale outlet run by relatives of Kalam family.The silk sarees of the region are quiet popular. The popular retail store named Nalli silks provides the best quality of Indian attire.

Events and Festivals

Rameswaram Events and Festivals

Yellamavasya is the main festival of Thirthahalli, Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu. This festival starts in the end of December month and continues till the beginning of January month. The festivity of this grandeur event lasts for 5 day. The first three days of the festival are considered to be very improtant. On the first day of the festivity that is Padya also known as the Pushyamasa of Yellamavasya, the Utsava Moorti(idol of Sri Rameswara) is taken to the Tunga river for Abhishekam and the holy idol is carried at the Parashurama Thirtha. After this the pilgrims can take a holy dip in the river. 

The second day of festivity, the pilgrims pull the decorated chariot in which the idol of Lord Rama can be seen seated. The Chariot is 30 feet long and it passes through the car street. The Chariot is made in such a way that it can easily climb steep gradients of the street. 

The third day of the this humongous festivity is celebrated as Teppotsavam(raft-festival) during which the Utsava Moorthi carried on river Tunga across the other bank of the river at Kuruvalli and is brought back on the same day. On this day, all the temples are illuminated with lights and the crackers are burnt. The eye catching view of the Tunga bridge, river banks and Rama Mantap can’t be missed by any chance. The Tunga bridge is illuminated with color and lights.Rama Mantap is festooned with different types of arts work. 

 

* Other Festivals at Rameswaram:

*February-March is highly attractive with Car festival with pulsating parades in the streets.

*April is very good for viewing eye feasting Kavadi Festivals.

*July-August is the time for Tiru Kalyana, celebrated with religious rituals and gaiety.

*November is colored with the lights of Karthika Deepam festival

Weather

Rameswaram Weather

The weather in Rameswaram is moderate but during monsoon season, the weather is hot and humid. In winters, the weather is blissful. More details on weather conditions in Rameswaram are as follows:

Summer: The summers are moderate and the temperature rises up to 35 degree Celsius.

Monsoons: July to September are the hot and humid seasons. Rameswaram at this time receives lesser rain.

Winter: November to February are the best seasons for visiting Rameswaram when temperature is between 17 degree Celsius to 25 degree Celsius.

Holidays Check List

Holidays Check List

The ppilgrims while leaving for the pilgrimage  tour to Rameswaram can make few hours before preparations which are as follows:

*Empty your letter box

*Fix up security for your house or ask some one to look after

*Water your plants and ask some one to take care of it

*Ask your newspaper vendor and milkman to stop supply

*Clear out the fridge.

*Switch off the electric appliances

 *Empty out kitchen, waste/dust-bin and kitchen area

 *Lock doors and windows

*Recharge your mobile or carry coupons

*Carry travellerÂ?s cheque or ATM cards

*Pay all due bills

*Turn off gas/water/

*Call up the taxi driver/railway station/hotels and other important numbers to confirm and re-confirm

*Rail Tickets and travel documents should be checked twice

*Packing your luggage

*Woollen/cotton clothing

*Extra towels

*Extra pair of socks

*Night wears

*Raincoats

*Wrappers

* Bath robes

*Jumper and track suits

*Equipment

*Battery Charger

*Camera

* Mobile

* Mobile Charger

* Torch/Emergency Light

*Headphones

*Miscellaneous

*Brochures or holiday book

Tourist Office

Rameswaram Tourist Offices

Their is only one tourist office in Rameswaram which is as follows:

Tourist Office, 14 Car Street, Rameswaram.

Tourist Information Centre, Railway Station Compound, Rameswaram.

Temple Information Centre, (Inside the temple), East Side, Ramanathaswamy temple.

 

Bank ATMs

ATM at Rameswaram

In case of immense need for  money, the visitors can locate ATM at the below gven address in Rameswaram:

ATM: State Bank of India

SOUTH CAR STREET ,

RAMESWARAM, TAMIL NADU - 623