Thirukkadaiyur India
Best Session
October - September
Ideal Duration
Karaikal (15 Km)
Major Airports
Tiruchirapalli (150 Km)
30.76 ° C
Weather Type


Religious enshrinement of Kala-samsara-moorty (the bestower of long life), one of the Shiva’s various forms; the temple at Thirukadaiyur is located at Tharangambadi on NH67 in Tamil Nadu. Thirukadaiyur’s connected through all means of transportations namely, air, rail, and road.

How to Reach Thirukadaiyur by Airways: The nearest airport is Tiruchirapalli, 148 Kms from Thirukadaiyur.  and well connected with all major town in India

How to Reach Thirukadaiyur by Railways: Mayiladuthurai Railway Station (21 km) is the nearest railway station to Thirukadaiyur. For further transport assistance up to temple taxis are available from the railway station to Thirukadaiyur. The taxi charge is about Rs 500 to 1000. Mayiladuthurai is one of the prominent railheads in the Southern railway network and boasts of wide-connectivity with other states and important cities in India. 

How to Reach Thirukadaiyur by Road: Thirukadaiyur is directly linked to all neighboring cities through Tamil Nadu State Road Transport Buses. Frequent buses are available from Madras, Mayiladuthurai, Nagapattinam and Mayavaram, Chidambaram, Mayiladurai, Kumbakonam, Thanjavur, Thiruchirappalli, Velankanni, Nagappattinam, and Nagore. National Highway 67 joins Thirukadaiyur to Tharangambadi, Karaikal, Cuddalore, and Parangipettai. 

In the month of October, the grand festivity is organized to celebrate Deepavali. Various types of cuisines are also cooked in every home. The homes are illuminated with lights. In the evening time, there is an official get together, followed by traditional dance and music. 

In the month of January, Makara Pongal is celebrated with great pomp and show. Special race boating contests are held during this month. The local residents make sweet rice at their home. The holy ablutions are performed at the temple carrying the idol of their deity. 

The other religious festival in the same league is Mahashivaratri when special Pujas are organized. All the temples in the region resonate with the voices of vedic mantras. The events during the whole day get grander when people all together carry out processions on the streets. The travelers during the month of February could relish the entire festivity.
Thirukkadaiyur braces all types of weather in the region. More details on the weather of the region are as follows:

Summers: The temperatures in the Summer month range from 25 degrees Celsius to 40 degrees Celsius. March to May are the seasons when the weather is hot and the travelers should avoid visiting this destination during the same period.

Monsoons: June to September are the two months when this region receives medium showers. The whole region gets draped in the lush green cover of trees and the fading fragrance of wet mud.

Winters: December to February are the three months when the temperature is completely moderate. The temperature ranges from 20 degrees Celsius to 30 degrees Celsius.

Useful Facts
The quick facts about the Thirukkadaiyur are as follows:
1- State: Tamil Nadu | District: Nagapattinam
2- Best Season: October to March
3- Weather: Summer: 27 degree Celsius to 40 degree Celsius
4- Monsoons: 25 Degree Celsius to 35 degree Celsius
5- Winters: 20 degree Celsius to 20 degree Celsius
6- Route from Chennai: East coast Road expressway to Pondicherry via Mammalapuram vis NH 45 A
7- Getaways: Mayiladuthurai, Thirumanacheri, Thingalur, Navgraha Sthalas, Thirunageswaram, Kanjanaur, Mayiladuthurai
8- Stay options: Hotel Manivizha, Hotel Guru and Hotel Sathabhishekam.
9- Eateries: Krishna Restaurant
10--Main Shrines: Shrine of Amirthaghateswarar and Shrine of goddess Abhirami.
As goes the mythos, Maarkandeya, son of the saint Mrikandu, was prophesied to live till the age of sixteen years and was advised to worship Lord Amritaghateswarar in Thirukadaiyur for the long life. On his father’s advice, Markandeya performed hard penitence for Lord Shiva bathing the Lingam/ idol with the water of Ganges that flows beneath the temple ground. On a fateful day, Yama appeared to take away Markandeya’s life. Markandeya, on seeing Yama with his Kaal Paasa ran to seek Shiva’s protection and clung to the Lingam of Mritunyjaya (Kala Samhara Murthi) in the Amritaghateswarar Temple, in which he was performing Pooja. At the very moment, Shiva appeared in human form to warn Yama to not avenge Markandeya’s life. However, Yama, deaf to Shiva’s warning, threw his noose on Markandeya and the Lingam at once. This inexorable demeanor by Yama infuriated Lord Shiva on which he kicked Yama with his left leg holding him under his foot. Shiva using his left leg to kick Yama has great relevance as he intended to punish Yama for his disobedience and not to quell him forever. To date, the mark of Kaal Paasa on the Lingam evidences the Yama-Shiva Purana story.

Thirukadaiyur Temple has three tanks known as Theertam or Amrita Pushkarini, Kala Theertham, and Markandeya Theertham. Devotees and pilgrims can avail pooja services six times a day. Amritaghateswarar Abirami Temple — the dwelling place of Kalasmahara Moorty — is filled with round-the-year festivities. Almost every day dawns with one celebration or other, as hundreds of pilgrims throng the temple to celebrate their 60th or 80th birthdays.

The Temple
The temple architecture that is bound to transpose you to the period of Chola reign in India, strikes first with its intricately designed gopurams and walls. Straggling endlessly on 11 acres of sacred land, Thirukadaiyur Temple constitutes five Prakarmas, temple towers, and huge-end-to-end mandapam. Aged walls, black with Homam that are performed in obeisance of the Lord and coatings of Vibhuti (holy ashes that are collected from the lamps or incense sticks) along with traces of flowers and puja debris describes the Abirami Battar’s sanctum — enshrinement of long life. On the exteriors are embossed some inscriptions dating to Raja Raja Cholan reign of the 11th Century. The temple mandapams are ornate with images depicting the Lord with a raised forefinger warning Yama and other related images of the Gods and Goddesses.

Sashti Aptha poorthi at Thirukadaiyur
Thirukadaiyur is the place to which many people go to celebrate the fact that they have lived through life for 60 or 80 years; but there is a catch - you can only celebrate if your spouse is alive- Sashtiyaptha Poorthi ( It is a Sanskrit word, which simply means completing 60; Shasti – 60, Purti – Complete). There is a fantastic sense of good cheer in the temple because it’s all about rejoicing-just being alive. The reason why people celebrate Sasthiaptha Purthi in Thirukadaiyur – As Death was conquered at Thirukadaiyur, the Lord in Thirukadaiyur had been named as ‘Kala Samhara Moorthi ‘( Kala – Death, Samhara – Conquering, Moorthi – Lord)/ Mritunga jaya murthy (Mritya – Death, Jayam – Victory). It is believed that by praying Kala Samhara Moorthi one can conquer death.

Amrithaghateswarar: The pilgrims also throng to the ancient shrine to Shiva as Amirthaghateswarar (the lord of the pot of nectar) and goddess Abhirami, who confer freedom from ailments, and longevity. The legend of the temple goes thus: when the devas and asuras carried away the pot of the nectar, delve out from the churning of the ocean, they set it down in this kshetra in order to bathe. When they returned after taking the bathe, they found that the pot tuned into the Shiva linga. The Shiva linga was so bigger in length that from the upper levels to the nether world, its base increased in leaps and bounds. So the ‘Lord of the pot of nectar’ stayed in this Kshetra and it came to be called as ‘(thiru)divine,(Kadai)chruning(ur)place’:Thirukkadaiyur. 

Ceremony of Celebrating Birthdays and Re-marriages :Pre-dating the 8th century CE, great numbers of devotees come to the temple to conduct ceremonies in connection with their 60th or 80th birthdays(these being significant according to Hindu tradition). At any given time, dozens of these celebratory homams can be seen going on in the prakarams of the temple. The couples celebrating their 50th, 60th or 75th marriage anniversary come here to tie nexus of nuptial knot again. The holy activity of getting re-married, holds a significant place in Mythology also. This ceremony is performed in large groups, all together, in which the pledge about meeting in the next births are also taken. The bride and groom celebrate this infinite relation by getting re-married again. After performing the marriage ceremony, both of the mates, take the blessing of Lord Shiva and other deities. Both the ceremonies of celebrating the birthdays as well as getting re-married with their spouse are performed on the prior registration. It can be performed at any time of the year. 

It was here that the ideal son of a pious couple, Markandeya, doomed to die at 16, embraced the Lingam in the fear of death. Yama threw this rope at the boy . It fell around the Lingam . Aan incensed Shiva emerged, slew Yama and granted immortality to the Markandeya. The legend is frozen in panchaloha in the sanctum of Kaalasamharamurthi(he who destroys the time or Yama’). Do observe the idols of Shiva , the slain Yama, Shiva’s assistant Gundodhara, waiting to drag Yama’s body away, and a frightened but relieved Markandeya. 

Shrine of goddess Abhirami: is in a separate enclosure in the temple. The flag staff reminds devotees of the ordeal of Abhirami Bhattar, a poet and devotee of the ordeal of Abhirami Bhattar, a poet and devotee of the goddess. The flagstaff reminds of ordeal of the goddess. Although many Nayanmars have praised the goddess in the song, Abhrami’s Bhattar’s Abhirami Bhattar’s Abhirami Andhadhi is special, both because of intrinsic beauty and circumstances of its composition. Bhattar was meditating on the moon-like radiance of the goddess’ face on an Amavasya(new moon day), when a visiting Chola king asked him what day it was. Still meditating on Abhirami’s face the poet replied without hesitation the poet replied without hesitation, “It is a full moon day!!” The incensed kind ordered him to prove that it was full moon day, or else he was to be put to death. It was near the flagstaff that the poet sat, above a pit to make the full moon appear on that dark night. As Bhattar neared the desperate end of his 100 verse Andhadhi, Goddess Abhirami flung her thadangam(earring) where it shone radiant as the full moon and her devotee was saved. The Andhadhi is read in most Tamil households even today.

Things to do while in Thirukkadaiyur

*The travelers must make a visit to the temples of Thanjavur, Navagrahasthalas, Kumbakonam, Mayiladuthurai, and Swamimalai.

*For performing ceremonies at the temples, the pilgrims must follow the dress code.

*For making a tour to the temples in the region, the travelers must book their tours in advance

*The pilgrims have to pay the Puja fees for conducting special Pujas at the temples.

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