Andhra Pradesh
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Andhra Pradesh Travel Guide
History
The history of Andhra Pradesh dates back to the time of the Ramayana and Mahabharata. But in the documented form, the history of the state points to 236 BC, when a kingdom was established around the modern day Hyderabad. The name of the kingdom was the Satavahana Kingdom. The Andhras were initially an Aryan race. They are supposed to have migrated from the south of Vindhyas where they merged with the non-Aryans. The earliest scripted accounts of the history of Andhra Pradesh belong to the time of Ashoka, the great Mauryan king. During this time only the state became a major Buddhist center.
Geography

Andhra Pradesh lies between 12°41' and 22° longitude and 77° and 84°40' latitude. It is bounded by Madhya Pradesh and Orissa in the north, the Bay of Bengal in the east, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka in the south and Maharashtra in the west. Andhra Pradesh is the fifth largest state in India and it forms the major link between the north and the south of India. It is the biggest and most populous state in the south of India.

The state of Andhra Pradesh bequeathed with rich flora and fauna. The serene and tranquil land is bestowed with a verdant coastal belt, soggy deciduous Eastern Ghats, arid deciduous forests of the Nallamalais and mangrove belt at Coringa.

Talking about the fauna of Andhra Pradesh, the land is rich in fauna. There are a number of wildlife sanctuaries here. There are various species of abundant animals inhabiting the land. Andhra Pradesh has a wide variety of animals like Panther, Wild dog, Fox, Jackal, Bear and Spotted Deer. There are a hefty number of wildlife sanctuaries in Andhra Pradesh. To name a few – The Nehru zoological park, Pakhal wildlife sanctuary, Ethurnagaram wildlife sanctuary, Kawal wildlife sanctuary, the Kolleru bird sanctuary and the Coringa sanctuary.
Climate/Temperature
The climate of Andhra Pradesh is hot and humid. Because of the location, the state experiences hot weather most of the year. In summer, the temperature varies between 20°C to 40°C. In winter also the hot land of Andhra Pradesh do not experience chilling cold. There is mild cold in winter with the temperature ranging from 13°C to 32°C.
Religions
Talking about the religion in the state of Andhra Pradesh, itís a mix and match of cultures. Most of the people in the state are Hindus. Then there are Muslims, Christians, Jains, and Buddhists. You can also find a sizeable minority of Sikhs on the land. Andhra Pradesh, the symbol of the true spirit of Indian secularism where people of all faiths- Hindu, Muslim, and Buddhist form a symphony of religions. It's the land of Kuchipudi, Lord of Seven Hills and Char Minar where millions of men and women of all castes, creeds, and religions made it their abode. A Hindu state with a largely Muslim capital and ancient Buddhist ruins, Andhra Pradesh presents yet another perspective on modern and ancient India.
Languages Spoken
The people of Andhra Pradesh mostly speak two languages, Telugu and Urdu. Hindi is also spoken in large parts of the land. C.P. Brown has described Telugu, the official language of Andhra Pradesh, as the " Italian of the East ". Sanskrit has influenced it a lot.
People / Population
Andhra Pradesh, India's fifth largest state, has 73 million people in an area of 27,000 square kilometers. Andhra Pradesh is largely an agricultural state, with over 75% of its people earning their living from the land. It is ranked tenth out of India's 14 major states with per capita income of approximately $300 per year, and with nearly 30% of its population living below the poverty level. Its literacy rate is 54% of the population. The state government has notified the areas where the population of linguistic minority constitutes 15% or more of the local population. 38% of Urdu speaking population in Andhra Pradesh is bilingual in Telugu as well.
Places to Visit / Attractions
  • Charminar is a major landmark in the city is to state the obvious, to repeat a cliché. The great monument is a synonym for Hyderabad and the pivot around which the glory and history of the city have developed. To imagine this 400-year-old city without Charminar is to imagine New York without the Statue of Liberty or Moscow without the Kremlin.
  • Salar Jung museum is the fantasy of an art visionary come to life which waited for its consummation for another great lover of art Jawaharlal Nehru to visit the historic city of the Quli Qutab Shahs and inaugurate it on 16 December, 1951 when the collections were hurriedly assorted and housed in Diwan Devdi, residence of the Salar Jungs.
  • Mecca mosque is one of the oldest masjids in the city and easily the biggest. Muhammed Quli Qutub Shah began building it in 1617 under the supervision of Mir Faizullah Baig and Rangiah Choudhary. It took 77 years to come up as the magnificent edifice we see today.
  • The Golkonda fort, 10 kilometers west of Hyderabad city, the majesty and grandeur of the 800-year-old ruins and the architectural glory of those structures, which have survived the ravage of time and rampage by Mughal vandals.
  • The town of Tirupati is one of the most ancient and spectacular places of pilgrimage in India. It is situated in the Chittoor district in southern Andhra Pradesh. The town owes its existence to the sacred temple of Lord Sri Venkateswara situated on the Tirumala Hill adjoining it. With a history that dates back to over twelve centuries, the temple is the jewel in the crown of ancient places of worship in southern India.
  • Borra Caves are located at a distance of 92 Km north of Visakhapatnam. The caves open with 100 meters on a horizontal plane and about 75 meters on the vertical plane. These caves spread over an area of one square km and the origin of river Gosthani which flows through the district.
  • Nagarjunasagar, a massive irrigation project on the River Krishna, about 150 km from Hyderabad, has a rich and interesting past. It was a valley in the Nallamalai range of the Eastern Ghats with civilizations dating back to thousands of years. Recorded history, however, assigns the first signs to the later Satavahanas and subsequently the Ikshvakus in the third century.
  • The famous Thousand Pillar Temple, built in 1163 AD, by King Rudra Deva is an important monument situated near the Hanamkonda-Warangal highway. One thousand richly carved pillars and a magnificent black basalt Nandi bull are unique to this temple which is dedicated to Lords Shiva, Vishnu and Surya.
Adventure Sports
Some of the activities planned are cycle rally and rock climbing; Bhairavakona in Prakasam district, trekking at Udayagiri fort and Penchalakona in Nellore, Suggumamidi tribal village in Khammam, Medak fort, Kondaveedu in Guntur, Kondapalli fort in Krishna district and Khammam fort. Beach sport activities- Kothapatnam in Prakasam, beach volleyball and Kabaddi: Kakinada, Visakhapatnam and Machilipatnam. And also angling at Durgam Cheruvu.
Packages
City Guide in Andhra Pradesh
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Destination in Andhra Pradesh
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